Cult Center: Memphis
Reshep was a god of Syrian origin whose worshipped in Egypt was established as early as the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. Reverence of Reshep extended as far away as Spain. In Egypt, Reshep was considered a god of war and pestilence. As such, Reshep was associated with Montu, Egypt's native god of war.
Reshep was also a protector of royalty. A stela erected near the Great Sphinx at Giza by Pharoah Amenhotep II shows Reshep rejoicing at the then-Crown Prince's diligence in looking after his horses. However, Reshep's powers, especially against pestilence, extended beyond royal circles. Magical text included spells that call upon Reshep, and his wife Itum, to destroy the Akha demon which causes abdominal pains. He was also worshipped as a god who answers prayers.
Reshep was part of triad that included his wife, Qetesh, the Semetic goddess of love, and their child, Min.
Reshep was portrayed as a man who wears the White Crown, with a gazelle instead of the uraeus cobra at his brow. Long ribbons steamed from the back of Reshep's crown. In his right hand, Reshep carried a weapon, usually a spear, mace, axe or sickle. In his left hand, he held a shield, a was sceptre or the ankh. Reshep was frequently depicted with a Syrian-style beard.
From: hereReshep was a war god whose origins are from Syria. He was brought into the Egyptian pantheon during the 28th Dynasty.
Reshep's characteristic stance is brandishing a mace or axe over his head. His beard appears Syrian in style and he normally wears the Upper Egyptian crown adorned with a gazelle head in front and a ribbon behind. The gazelle connects Reshep iconographically with the god Seth, but it is the Theban war god Montu that he is most closely related. His martial temperament makes him an ideal royal deity, especially in an era boasting of the military and sporting prowess of its monarchs. A good example of this comes from the stela of Amenhotep II set up near the Sphinx at Giza where Reshep and the goddess Astarte are described as rejoicing at the crown prince's diligence in looking after his horses. Perhaps not too much stress should be placed on some of the Egyptian epithets which he receives, such as "Lord of the Sky" or "Lord of Eternity" but his status in the New Kingdom was high. One region on the east bank of the Nile was even named the "Valley of Reshep". He appears on Theban stelae alongside the Egyptian god Min and the Syrian goddess Qadesh.
Reshep becomes (possibly because of Syrian enclaves among the Egyptian population) an approachable deity who can grant success to those praying to him. Also, his force for destruction of royal enemies in battle can be turned against diseases affecting ordinary people. For example, Reshep and his wife Itum are called upon in a magical spell to overpower the "akha" demon that causes abdominal pains. As a deity combining the polarities of life and death, he is known both in Egypt and the Near East as Reshep-Shulman.
From: hereResheph, Rashshaf, Rasap, or Reshef (Canaanite/Hebrew ršp רשף) was a Canaanite deity of plague and war. Resheph is associated with lightning, and hence also interpreted as a weather deity.
In Ugarit, Resheph was identified with Nergal, in Idalion, Cyprus, with Apollo..
Resheph is mentioned in Ugaritic mythological texts such as the epic of Kirta and The Mare and Horon. In Phoenician inscriptions he is called rshp gn 'Resheph of the Garden' and b`l chtz 'lord of the arrow'. Phoenician-Hittite bilinguals refer to him as 'deer god' and 'gazelle god'.
In Kition, Cyprus, Resheph had the epithet of ḥṣ, interpreted as "arrow" by Javier Teixidor, who consequently interprets Resheph as a god of plague, comparable to Apollo whose arrows bring plague to the Danaans (Iliad I.42-55).
Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. In this later period, he is depicted with a ram's head, armed with shield, spear and axe, often together with Qetesh and Min.
The ancient town of Arsuf in central Israel still incorporates the name Resheph, thousands of years after his worship ceased.
From: WikiIn the Bible
While Resheph is not mentioned in the Bible as a god, the word reshef appears in various uses:
(a) Resheph as a personal name in I Chronicles 7:25 (some scholars assume that there is some confusion here, questioning the probability of a Canaanite theophoric personal name in an Ephraimite family; but the name may not necessarily mean the Canaanite god; see below);
(b) in the general meanings of: "flame" (of true love, jealousy; Song 8:6); "arrow," i.e., "'flame' of the bow" (rishpe qeshet, Ps. 76:4);
(c) a synonym of dever, "pestilence" (Deut. 32:24; LXX "bird," thus also the traditional interpretation, Ex. R. 12:4; Hab. 3:5; cf. Ps. 78:4;
(?) (Job 5:7; cf. Ber. 5a: reshef means demons (?) and (burning) pains).
From: hereAlso see:A Syrian war and thunder god, always depicted with raised weapons, wearing the White Crown of Upper Egypt with a streamer flowing from the top. At the base of the crown is either a complete head of a gazelle or just the horns. In the Pyramid Texts mentioned as replacing the guardian of the celestial gates, Khay-Tau, a foreign deity, probably from Byblos.